|Harmony Gold Mining Company Limited (Harmony) is engaged in underground and surface gold mining and related activities, including exploration, processing and smelting. As at June 30, 2010, its mining operations reported total probable reserves of 48.1 million ounces, primarily from South African sources. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 (fiscal 2010), the Company processed approximately 19.8 million tons of ore. In fiscal 2010, 96% of its total gold production took place in South Africa. In fiscal 2010, approximately 91% of its South African gold came from underground mines, and approximately 9% came from its surface operations, which include the Kalgold opencast operation and the Phoenix operation. The majority of exploration and evaluation done during fiscal 2010, has been focused on Papua New Guinea (PNG). Exploration in South Africa focused on the Evander South project, Joel North, Poplar and Tshepong.